Erbs Palsy / OBPI occurs as a result of trauma in the last phase of delivery. It occurs during difficult births when there is traction of the baby’s head away from the shoulder during delivery. This results in injury to the brachial plexus. Erbs Palsy is easily detected in the new-born infant when the baby is unable to actively move the arm. Once detected a full medical examination from a paediatrician is essential to ensure a correct diagnosis.
Positioning and handling of child
Initiate passive exercises
Maintain soft tissue length
Educate parents on frequency of passive exercises
Encourage functional use of affected upper limb when age appropriate
Encourage weight-bearing through the affected upper-limb